What is Stateful DHCPv6: DHCPv6 Autoconfiguration- Server and Client.

By | 30th November 2015

How to Configure DHCPV6 Stateful Auto-configuration (Server and Client )

DHCPv6 Server command Terms:

IPv6 dhcp pool: This command creates a pool and enters the router in DHCPv6 configuration mode.
Address : This command is used to indicate the pool of addresses to be allocated by the server. The lifetime option indicates the valid and preferred lease times in seconds.
IPv6 dhcp server interface : This command binds the DHCPv6 pool to the interface.
The M flag needs to be changed from 0 to 1 using the interface command ipv6 nd managed-config-flag.

 DHCPV6 Server stateful Autoconfiguration Example:

we use the diagram below as an example topology:

dhcp sever config

R1(config)#ipv6 unicast-routing
R1(config)#ipv6 dhcp pool Stateful_DHCP
R1(config-dhcpv6)#address prefix 2001:df6:adac:1::/64 lifetime infinite infinite
R1(config-dhcpv6)#dns-server AAAA:BBBB:CCCC:DDDD::FFFF
R1(config-dhcpv6)#domain-name orbitCO.com
R1(config-dhcpv6)#exit
R1(config)#interface s0/0/0
R1(config-if)#ipv6 address 2001:df6:adac:1::1/64
R1(config-if)#ipv6 dhcp server Stateful_DHCP
R1(config-if)#ipv6 nd managed-config-flag

How to configure DHCPV6 Client Stateful Autoconfiguration

DHCPv6 Client command Terms:

IPv6 enable interface : This command allow the router to receive a link-local address in order to send RS messages and participate in DHCPv6.
IPv6 address dhcp interface : This command enables the router as a DHCPv6 client on this interface. This Configuration allows a router to act as a DHCP client.

Example DHCPv6 Client topology configuration:

dhcp sever config
R2(config)#interface s0/0/0
R2(config-if)#ipv6 enable
R2(config-if)#ipv6 address dhcp

How to verify DHCPv6 Server configuration

Use the  show ipv6 dhcp pool command to verifies the name of the DHCPv6 pool and its parameters. The number of active clients is 1, which reflects client R2 receiving its IPv6 global unicast address from this server.

R1#show ipv6 dhcp pool
DHCPv6 pool: Stateful_DHCP
Address allocation prefix: 2001:DF6:ADAC:1::/64 valid 4293967297 preferred 4293967297 (1 in use, 0 conflicts)
DNS server: AAAA:BBBB:CCCC:DDDD::FFFF
Domain name: orbitCO.com
Active clients: 1
Use the show ipv6 dhcp binding command, this displays the automatic binding between the link-local address of the client and the address assigned by the server.

R1#show ipv6 dhcp binding
Client: FE80::2
DUID: 000300018C2054EC6F18
Username : unassigned
IA NA: IA ID 0x00070001, T1 43200, T2 69120
Address: 2001:DF6:ADAC:1:2CFA:91CD:C683:D1F5
preferred lifetime INFINITY, , valid lifetime INFINITY,

How to verify Stateful DHCPv6 Client configuration

Use the The show ipv6 dhcp interface command to view the interfaces that were configured via DHCP. This command also displays the link-local address of the DHCP server.

R2#show ipv6 dhcp interface
Serial0/0/0 is in client mode
    Prefix State is IDLE
    Address State is OPEN
    Renew for address will be sent in 10:32:14
    List of known servers:
       Reachable via address: FE80::1
       DUID: 000300018C2054FF38A0
       Preference: 0
       Configuration parameters:
         IA NA: IA ID 0x00070001, T1 43200, T2 69120
            Address: 2001:DF6:ADAC:1:B0A4:64F:CA3F:FA2D/128
                   preferred lifetime INFINITY, valid lifetime INFINITY
       DNS server: AAAA:BBBB:CCCC:DDDD::FFFF
       Domain name: orbitCO.com
       Information refresh time: 0
Prefix Rapid-Commit: disabled
Address Rapid-Commit: disabled

How to Configure DHCPv6 Host Stateful Auto-configuration Example

How to Configure DHCPv6 Stateless Auto-configuration (Server/Client)

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OSPFv3 Explained

RIPv6 or RIPng Explained

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