Peer- Peer Networking (Workgroup)

Understanding Workgroup

Peer-to-Peer networking is when all computers are in the same network or using the same Ethernet network. They are considered as peers and will have to be connected through a hub, switch or a router as the case may be.

There is no server, controller or one in charge. Computers in a work group shares resources such as the printer and files. This happen mostly in windows; work group is automatically set up when you set up a network and they all share the same subnet. A work group is not protected by a password, no security is provided whatsoever; unlike a home group (windows 7) which is protected by a password.

How Workgroup works

Work groups are specially use in a home, schools or office settings where files, printers and other network resources are shared.

With Work-group, you can share files, photos, documents and other network resources you wish to share. This could be accessed from any PC on the office or home network

A computer joining a work group is assigned with the same work group name this process makes accessing the computers easier.

A typical example of a work group is shown below:

peer to peer networking (workgroup)

How to create a work group

Creating a work group as a form of networking is no rocket science. Windows automatically assigns your PC to a work group named WORKGROUP or MSHOME by default. You can decide to change the name if you need to. Before you create a work group, ensure that all computers are connected together on the same network name. (through a hub or a switch)


  • Open System by clicking the Start button Picture of the Start button,
  • Right-clicking Computer, and then clicking Properties.

Under Computer name, domain, and workgroup settings, click Change settings. Administrator permission required If you’re prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type the password or provide confirmation.

In the System Properties dialog box, click the Computer Name tab, and then click Change.

In the Computer Name/Domain Changes dialog box, under Member of, click Workgroup, and then do one of the following:

To join an existing workgroup, type the name of the workgroup that you want to join, and then click OK.

To create a new workgroup, type the name of the workgroup that you want to create, and then click OK

Wireless networking

Local Area Networking

Wide Area Networking