What is VTP? : Troubleshooting VTP Version’s error and Solution

By | 9th November 2015
What is VTP? : Troubleshooting VTP Version's error and Solution

Troubleshooting VTP Connectivity

After connecting your switches with crossover cables, configured multiple VLANs in your network and probably the lights are green at both ends…yet; you can still receive an error message if the VTP configuration on the switches is not right.

That means the switches will not share VLAN information.

Let’s see and troubleshoot common VTP problems on a network. Study the output of the switched network below:

Incompatible VTP Versions

VTP versions 1 and 2 are incompatible with each other. Switches that only support version 1 cannot participate in the VTP domain along with version 2 switches.

If your network contains switches that support only version 1, you need to manually configure the version 2 switches to operate in version 1 mode or vice versa.



vtp versions

vtp versions2

You can use the show VTP Status command to view what version your vtp enabled switches are running on as above displayed. It shows that switches 1 and 2 runs the version 1, while switch 3 runs the version 2. This means they are incompatible on the same network and will require you to configure SW1 and SW2 with version 2.



VTP Version Configuration: e.g.

SW1#config t

SW1(config)#vtp version 2

SW1(config)#end

In Summary: Incompatible VTP versions

·                VTP versions 1 and 2 are incompatible with each other

·                    Make sure all switches are running the same VTP versions

            Incorrect VTP Domain Name  

            Accidentally setting Server switches set to VTP client mode

               Incorrect Revision Number

              VTP Pruning

              VTP Modes of Operation

              VTP password Problems

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